Different animal species living in extreme environments often attain changes in the same genes suggesting that the same adaptation mechanisms are utilised. Recently we found that a cattle breed able to survive extreme climates of Siberia (-70 C at winters) contains an exactly the same coding mutation in the gene NRAP as cold adapted species like walrus, seals, sea lions, and hibernating bats. Also, cold and hot climate-adapted cattle have similar changes in genes leading to inability to feel extreme temperatures. This project will focus on investigating what genetic changes form in cold and hot adapted populations/species and on their functional effect in livestock and wild animals.
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